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South Asian Canadians

South Asian Canadians are Canadians who have full or partial Indian Subcontinent ancestry. This region encompasses countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and the Maldives. Presently, as of 2021, South Asians constitute the second-largest pan-ethnic group in Canada, accounting for 7.1 % of the population, following Europeans. They are also the largest group among the Visible Minorities, which constitute 26.7% of the Canadian population followed by Chinese and Black Canadians.

“South Asian Canadian” falls under the umbrella of Asian Canadians and, as defined by Statistics Canada, can be delineated further by national origins like Indian Canadian, Pakistani Canadian, and Bangladeshi Canadian.  South Asian Canadians account for about 7.1%  of the total population of Canada. According to the Canadian Census 2021, there were 2,571,400 (2.57 million) people of South Asian descent in Canada. Ontario is the province with the highest percentage of South Asian population in Canada.

Source: Census 2021

also read about Indians in United States

South Asian population in Canadian Provinces

Ontario, with 1,515,295 (1.5 million) people of South Asian ancestry, has the largest population of South Asian Canadians in Canada followed by British Columbia (473,970) and  Alberta (297,650).

Percentage-wise Ontario (10.80%) has the highest percentage of South Asians followed by British Columbia  (9.64%) and Alberta  (7.12%).

List of Provinces by South Asian Ancestry 

#ProvincePopulation 2021%  of Total
1Alberta 297,6507.12%
2British Columbia 473,9709.64%
4New Brunswick 8,6301.14%
5Newfoundland and Labrador4,5500.91%
6Northwest Territories7751.92%
7Nova Scotia 21,6502.26%
8Nunavut 1800.49%
9Ontario 1,515,29510.80%
10Prince Edward Island 3,7402.49%
11Quebec 127,9951.54%

Source: Canada Census 2021

also read about Asians in the United States

Top Canadian metropolitan areas by South Asian population

Toronto Metro area with 1,182,485 (1,1 million) people of South Asian ancestry, has the largest population of South Asian Canadians. It’s followed by Vancouver (369,295) and  Calgary (153,200).

Top Cities  by South Asian Population

#City (Metropolitan Area)ProvincePopulation 2021% of Total
1Toronto Ontario1,182,48519.25%
2Vancouver B.C.369,29514.17%
3Calgary Alberta153,20010.46%
4Edmonton Albera123,3408.82%
5Montreal Quebec121,2602.88%
6Winnipeg Manitoba63,8057.78%
7Ottawa – Gatineau Ont. / Que.60,7804.15%
8Kitchener – Cambridge – Waterloo Ontario55,3059.74%
9Abbotsford – Mission B.C.49,83525.94%
10Hamilton Ontario47,6306.16%
11Oshawa Ontario37,5709.13%
12London Ontario28,2855.28%
13Windsor Ontario20,5904.96%
14Regina Sask.19,4957.96%
15Saskatoon Sask.19,3706.22%
16Halifax Nova Scotia16,8553.66%
17Victoria B.C.13,7153.53%
18St. Catharines – Niagara Ontario12,7653.00%
19Guelph Ontario11,4156.98%
20Barrie Ontario7,8803.75%

Source: Canada Census 2021

read about Top Cities in Ontario by population

South Asian Population in Canada 2024 | South Asian Canadians