> > Home >>  United States >> Race & Ethnicity  >> Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Population by race and Ethnicity

Pennsylvania the sixth-largest U.S. state by population has a racially and ethnically diverse population. As of 2020, White (Non-Hispanic)  are the largest group in Pennsylvania followed by African Americans

also read about the Population of Pennsylvania

Ethnic and Racial Percentage

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in Pennsylvania, comprising 73.47% of the total population. It was followed by the African American population whose share was 10.53%.

Hispanic or Latino was the third largest group at 8.07%. Asians were the fourth largest group at 3.90%. Two or more races are at 3.47%.

The ethnic composition of Pennsylvania is as follows

Race and OriginActual PopulationPercentage 2020
White alone9,553,41773.47%
Black or African American alone1,368,97810.53%
Hispanic or Latino1,049,6158.07%
Asian alone506,6743.90%
Two or more races451,2853.47%
Some Other Race alone54,5410.42%
American Indians and Alaska Natives alone15,0280.12%
Native Hawaiian &  Other Pacific Islanders alone3,1620.02%

Source: US Census 2020

read about religion in Pennsylvania 

Ancestry in Pennsylvania

As per Census Studies and estimate German, Irish, Italian, English, and Polish have made the four largest ancestry groups in Pennsylvania. 

The Largest Ancestry in Pennsylvania is as follows

Subsaharan African131,7041.0%
West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups)92,5240.7%
French Canadian26,8490.2%

Source: US Census 2020

read about Top Cities in Pennsylvania

European ancestry in Pennsylvania

Europeans account for nearly 73.47% of Pennsylvania’s population. German, Irish, Italian and English Americans have made up the four largest European ancestry groups in Pennsylvania.

As per the Census report, German Americans made up 21.80% of the population and numbered over 2.8 million members. Irish Americans made up 15% of the population and numbered over 1.9 million. 

Italian Americans made up 10.80 percent of the population and numbered over 1.4 million followed by English ancestry at 6.90 percent of the population and numbered over 0.8 million.

Other Europeans who make good numbers are Polish (6.10%), French (1.50%), Slovak (1.40%), Scottish (1.40%), Dutch (1.30%), Russian (1.30%), Welsh (1.20%) and Scotch-Irish (1.10%)

African Americans in Pennsylvania

As of 2020, those of African ancestry accounted for 10.53% of Pennsylvania’s population and are the second largest group in Pennsylvania. People of African descent are currently the largest ethnic group in Philadelphia. Originally arriving in the 17th century as enslaved Africans, the population of African Americans grew in the 18th and 19th centuries to include numerous free black residents who were active in the abolitionist movement and as conductors in the Underground Railroad.

In the 20th and 21st centuries, Black Philadelphians actively campaigned against discrimination and continued to contribute to Philadelphia’s cultural, economic, and political life as workers, activists, artists, musicians, and politicians.

Hispanics and Latinos in Pennsylvania

Hispanics and Latinos are the Third-largest groups in Pennsylvania after non-Hispanic European and African Americans. Around 8% of Pennsylvania’s Population claims Hispanic or Latin American ethnicity. Pennsylvania cities with the largest Hispanic populations are  Reading (69.0%), Hazleton (63.1%), Allentown (54.2%), Lebanon (46.2%), and Lancaster (40.2%). 

Asian Americans in Pennsylvania

Asian Americans are a sizable minority group in Pennsylvania. Americans of Asian descent formed 3.90 percent of the population. Its ethnic Asian population has grown rapidly since the late 1990s; the majority are Indians, Filipinos, Vietnamese, and ethnic Chinese.

read about the list of counties in Pennsylvania

*US Census recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races. 

It also classified respondents as “Hispanic or Latino” or “Not Hispanic or Latino”, identifying Hispanic and Latino as an ethnicity (not a race), which comprises the largest minority group in the nation.

Race and Ethnicity in Pennsylvania 2024 | Ancestry in Pennsylvania