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New York Population by Race

New York (State) the fourth-largest U.S. state by population has a racially and ethnically diverse population. As of 2020, White(Non-Hispanic)  are the largest group in New York followed by Hispanic/Latino Americans and African Americans.

also read about the Population of New York State

Ethnic and Racial percentage

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in New York State, comprising 52.47% of the total population. It was followed by the Hispanic or Latino population whose share was 19,54%.

Black or African American was the third largest group at 13.66%. Asian population also has a good percentage in New York State with a share of 9.49%. Two or more races are at 3.57%.

The ethnic composition of New York (state) is as follows

Race and OriginActual PopulationPercentage 2020
White alone (Non-Hispanic )10,598,90752.47%
Hispanic or Latino3,948,03219.54%
Black or African American alone2,759,02213.66%
Asian alone1,916,3299.49%
Two or more races720,8473.57%
Other Race alone197,1070.98%
American Indians & Alaska Natives 54,9080.27%
Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islanders 6,0970.03%
*US Census recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races. 

It also classified respondents as "Hispanic or Latino" or "Not Hispanic or Latino", identifying Hispanic and Latino as an ethnicity (not a race), which comprises the largest minority group in the nation.

also read about religion in New York

Ancestry in New York (State)

As per Census Studies & estimate Italian, Irish, German, and American have made the largest ancestry groups in New York. English, Polish, and West Indian ancestry are also in good numbers.

The Largest Ancestry in New York is as follows

West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups)764,9673.9%
French (except Basque)362,7141.9%
Subsaharan African263,2821.4%
French Canadian113,1720.6%

Source: US Census Bureau population estimate 2020

European Ancestry in New York

Europeans account for nearly 51% of New York’s population. Italian, Irish, and Germans Americans have made up the three largest European ancestry groups in Newyork. As per the Census report, Italian Americans made up 11.5 percent of the population and numbered over 2.2 million members. Irish Americans made up 10.9 percent of the population and number over 2.1 million. 

German Americans made up 8.8 percent of the population and numbered over 1.7 million followed by English ancestry at 4.8 percent of the population and numbered over 0.9 million.

Other Europeans who make good numbers are Polish (4.5%), French (1.90%), Russian (1.70%), Dutch (1.00%), Scottish (0.90%), Ukrainian (0.70%), Hungarian (0.70%), Greek (0.70%), Swedish (0.60%), Welsh (0.40%) and Norwegian (0.40%).

Hispanics and Latinos in New York

Hispanics and Latinos are the second-largest groups in New York after non-Hispanic European Americans. Around 19.54% of New York’s Population claim Hispanic or Latin American ethnicity.  The Proportion has increased by around 2% since 2010.

Queens is home to the largest Andean (Colombian, Ecuadorian, Peruvian, and Bolivian) populations in the United States. In addition, New York has the largest Puerto Rican, Dominican, and Jamaican American populations in the continental United States. About  5.5% were Puerto Rican, 4.4% were Dominican, 2.4% were Mexican, 0.4% were Cuban, and 9.4% were of another Hispanic or Latin American origin. 

African Americans in New York

As of 2020, those of African ancestry accounted for 13.66% of New York’s population. In 2019, the Black and African American population increased to an estimated 3,424,002. The Black or African American population is in a state of flux, as New York is the largest recipient of immigrants from Africa, while established Blacks and African Americans are migrating out of New York to the southern United States.

The New York City neighborhood of Harlem has historically been a major cultural capital for Blacks and African Americans of sub-Saharan descent, and Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn has the largest such population in the United States.

Asian Americans in New York

New York is home to the second-largest Asian American population. Americans of Asian descent formed 9.49 percent of the population. Its ethnic Asian population has grown rapidly since the late 1990s; the majority are Indians, Filipinos, Vietnamese, and ethnic Chinese.

In 2019, its population grew to an estimated 1,579,494. Queens, in New York City, is home to the state’s largest Asian American population and is the most ethnically diverse county in the United States and the most ethnically diverse urban area in the world.

The Chinese population constitutes the fastest-growing nationality in New York State. Multiple satellites of the original Manhattan Chinatown, in Brooklyn, and around Flushing, Queens, are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, while also expanding rapidly eastward into suburban Nassau County, on Long Island.

Long Island, including Queens and Nassau County, is also home to several Little Indias and a large Koreatown, with large and growing attendant populations of Indian Americans and Korean Americans, respectively. 

Native Americans in New York

Native Americans are a smaller minority in the state. Native Americans made up 0.27 percent of New York’s population and number over 54,000 individuals as of 2020.  

Pacific Islanders in New York

Americans with origins from the Pacific Islands are the smallest minority in New York with 0.03% percent and numbering 6097 individuals as of 2020

read about list of counties in New York

Race and Ethnicity in New York 2023 | Ancestry in New York