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Alabama population by Race

Alabama the 24th largest U.S. state by population has a racially and ethnically diverse population. As of 2020, White (Non-Hispanic) are the largest group in Alabama followed by African Americans. 

also read about the Population of Alabama 

Ethnic and Racial Percentage

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in Alabama, comprising 63.12% of the total population. It was followed by the black or African American population whose share was 25.64%. Hispanic or Latino was the third largest group at 5.26%. Two or more races are at 3.67% and Asians are at 1.51%.

The ethnic composition of  Alabama is as follows

Race and OriginActual PopulationPercentage 2020
White alone3,171,35163.12%
Black or African American alone1,288,15925.64%
Hispanic or Latino264,0475.26%
Two or more races:184,6183.67%
Asian alone75,9181.51%
American Indians and Alaska Natives alone23,1190.46%
Some Other Race alone14,4550.29%
Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander 2,6120.05%

Source: US Census 2020

also read about religion in Alabama

*US Census recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races. It also classified respondents as "Hispanic or Latino" or "Not Hispanic or Latino", identifying Hispanic and Latino as an ethnicity (not a race), which comprises the largest minority group in the nation.

Ancestry in Alabama

As per Census Studies and estimate American, English, Irish, German, and Scottish have made the five largest ancestry groups in Alabama. In 2020, 10.7% of the population considered themselves to be of only American ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity). Many of these were of English or Scotch-Irish descent; however, their families have lived in the state for so long that they choose to identify as having “American” ancestry or do not know their ancestry. Some of their ancestry dates to the original thirteen colonies.

The Largest Ancestry in Alabama is as follows

8French (except Basque)59,4141.2%
9Subsaharan African44,8720.9%
15West Indian 12,2500.2%
19French Canadian8,6610.2%

Source: US Census 2020

also read about the List of Cities and Counties in Alabama

Europeans in Alabama

Non-Hispanic White account for nearly 63.12% of Alabama’s population. English, Irish, and German Americans have made up the three largest European ancestry groups in Alabama.

As per the Census report, English Americans made up 7.2% of the population and numbered close to 351,651 members. Irish made up 7.1% of the population and number 350,146 followed by German Americans made up 5.3% of the population and number 261,712.

Besides them, Europeans who make good numbers are Scottish (1.9%), Italian (1.6%), Scotch-Irish (1.4%), and French (1.2%)

Hispanics and Latinos in Alabama

Hispanics and Latinos are the third-largest groups in Alabama after non-Hispanic white and African American. Around 5.26% of Alabama’s Population claim Hispanic or Latin American ethnicity and has the 34th largest Latino population.

About 60% of the population is Mexican and is the largest Latino ethnic group in Alabama.  Next comes Puerto Rican (14%), Cuban (4%), Dominican (1%), Central & South American (20%), and Other Hispanic or Latino (5%).

African Americans in Alabama

As of 2020, those of African ancestry accounted for 25.64% of Alabama’s population. 11 of Alabama’s 67 counties are majority black counties: Macon (83%), Greene (81 %), Sumter (75%), Lowndes (74 %), Wilcox (73%), Bullock (70%), Dallas (69%),  Perry (69%), Hale (59 %), Montgomery (55 %),  and Marengo (52%).

Asian Americans in Alabama

Asian Americans are a sizable minority group in Alabama. Americans of Asian descent formed 1.51% of the population. Its ethnic Asian population has grown rapidly since the late 1990s. The Counties with the Largest Asian populations are Jefferson, Madison, and Mobile.

The largest Asian American ethnic groups in Alabama include: Chinese, except Taiwanese (15,556), Asian Indian (15,067), Korean (14,729), Filipino (12,200), Vietnamese (10,795), and Japanese (6,354).

Multi-Race in Alabama

Multiracial individuals are also visible minority in Alabama. People identifying as multiracial form 3.67%  of the population, and number around 184,618 people. 

Race and Ethnicity in Alabama 2023 | Ancestry in Alabama