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Quebec Population 2024

Quebec is a province of Canada located in the eastern part of Canada. It borders Ontario to the west, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, New Brunswick to the southeast, and a coastal border with Nunavut; in the south, it borders Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York in the United States.

Quebec is the largest province by area and the second-largest by population. As per the Canada Census Bureau, the population of Quebec in 2021 is 8,501,833 (8.5 million) and the population of Quebec in 2024 is 8,948,540 (8.94 million) 

read about religion in Quebec 

Census 2016-2021

Ontario has a population growth rate of 4.1% during 2016-2021. It has had a population increase of 337472 since 2016.

OntarioCensus 2021
Total Population8,501,833 (8.5 million)
Percentage Change since 20164.1%
Population Rank2nd
Total Land Area1,298,5600 sq. km (501,3768 sq mi)
Area Rank1st
Population Density6.5/km2 (16.9/sq mi)
Capital CityQuebec City
Largest CityMontreal

Source: Statistics Canada

Quebec Historical Population

From 1851 to 2021, Quebec’s demographic landscape has witnessed notable transformations, with population growth marked by distinct phases. In 1851, the population stood at 892,061, and over the years, it experienced both steady and accelerated increases. Notably, by 2021, Quebec’s population reached 8.6 million, reflecting an impressive growth of almost 7 million since 1901. Examining the percentage changes across decades, the data reveals dynamic shifts, with substantial spikes in the mid-20th century. The population growth rate from 2016 to 2020 was recorded at 3.34%, underscoring a sustained trend of demographic expansion. 

Let’s look at population & percentage change from the Year 1851 to 2021.

Census YearPopulationAbsolute ChangePercentage Change
1851892,061
18611,111,566219,50524.61
18711,191,51679,9507.19
18811,359,027167,51114.06
18911,488,535129,5089.53
19011,648,898160,36310.77
19112,005,776356,87821.64
19212,360,665354,88917.69
19312,874,255513,59021.76
19413,331,882457,62715.92
19514,055,681723,79921.72
19564,628,378572,69714.12
19615,259,211630,83313.63
19665,780,845521,6349.92
19716,027,765246,9204.27
19766,234,445206,6803.43
19816,438,403203,9583.27
19866,532,46094,0571.46
19916,895,963363,5035.56
19967,138,795242,8323.52
20017,237,47998,6841.38
20067,546,131308,6524.26
20117,903,001356,8704.73
20168,164,361423,0995.35
20218,501,833337,4724.1
Source: Statistics Canada

Top cities in Quebec by population

Top Cities in Quebec with a population over 100 thousand.

#CityPopulation
1Montreal1,762,976
2Quebec538,738
3Laval431,208
4Gatineau281,501
5Longueuil245,033
6Sherbrooke165,005
7Saguenay144,989
8Lévis144,808
9Trois-Rivières135,863
10Terrebonne113,226

read more about Top Cities in Quebec

Quebec Population 2024 | Quebec Historical Population