Canada >> Provinces >> Ontario

Ontario Population 2024

Ontario is a Province of Canada located in Central Canada. It is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, and Quebec to the east and northeast, and to the south by the U.S. states of (from west to east) Minnesota, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York.

Ontario is the most populous province of Canada and It’s the fourth-largest province by area.  As per the Canada Census Bureau, the population of Ontario in 2021 is 14,223,942 (14.2 million) and Population of Ontario in 2024 is 15,801,768 (15.8 million)

also read about the Religion in Ontario

Demography 2016-2021

Ontario has a population growth rate of 5.8% during 2016-2021. It has population increase of  774,448  since 2016. 

OntarioCensus 2021
Total Population14,223,942
Percentage Change since 20165.8%
Population Rank1st
Total Land Area344,562 sq mi (892,412 sq. km)
Area Rank4th
Population Density41.2/sq mi (15.9/km2)
Capital CityToronto
Largest CityToronto

Source: Statistics Canada

Ontario Historical Population

Over the course of the years from 1851 to 2021, Ontario’s population has undergone significant changes, marked by periods of both steady and rapid growth. In 1851, the population stood at 1 million, and by 2021, it had soared to 14.2 million. Notably, from 1901 to 2021, there was a substantial increase of almost 12 million people. Analyzing the percentage changes during various decades, it is evident that the province experienced periods of notable growth, with the most significant spikes occurring in the mid-20th century. The population growth rate from 2016 to 2021 was recorded at 5.8%, showcasing a continuing trend of demographic expansion. These demographic shifts, as documented by Statistics Canada, reflect Ontario’s dynamic history and evolving societal landscape over the past 170 years.

Let’s look at population and percentage change from the Year 1851 to 2021.

YearPopulationPercentage Change
1851952,004—    
18611,396,09146.60%
18711,620,85116.10%
18811,926,92218.90%
18912,114,3219.70%
19012,182,9473.20%
19112,527,29215.80%
19212,933,66216.10%
19313,431,68317.00%
19413,787,65510.40%
19514,597,54221.40%
19565,404,93317.60%
19616,236,09215.40%
19666,960,87011.60%
19717,703,10510.70%
19768,264,4657.30%
19818,625,1074.40%
19869,101,6955.50%
199110,084,88510.80%
199610,753,5736.60%
200111,410,0466.10%
200612,160,2826.60%
201112,851,8215.70%
201613,448,4944.60%
202114,223,942 5.8%
Source: Statistics Canada

Ontario Ethnic composition

European origins dominate at 62.8%, forming the majority of Ontario’s population. The ethnic origin most often reported in Ontario was Canadian followed by English, Scottish, Irish, French, German, Italian, Chinese, East Indian, and Dutch. Meanwhile, Aboriginals make up 2.9% of the population, with First Nations, Metis, and Inuit being the prominent Aboriginal communities. A

In 2021, about  34.3% of Ontarians were identified as members of the visible minority population.  Key visible minority communities include South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latino, and Arab. 

read more about race and ethnicity in Ontario

Top cities in Ontario by population

Top 10 Cities in Ontario by Population

#CityPopulation 2021
1Toronto2,761,285
2Ottawa1,000,940
3Mississauga712,825
4Brampton650,160
5Hamilton560,920
6London416,265
7Markham337,250
8Vaughan321,315
9Kitchener254,145
10Windsor226,465

read more about Cities in Ontario

Ontario Population 2024 | Ontario Historical Population