Canada >> Provinces >> New Brunswick

Population of New Brunswick

New Brunswick is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is one of the three Maritime provinces and one of the four Atlantic provinces. It is bordered by Quebec to the north, Nova Scotia to the east, the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to the northeast, the Bay of Fundy to the southeast, and the U.S. state of Maine to the west. 

New Brunswick is Canada’s eighth most populous province and its third-smallest province by area.  As per the Canada Census Bureau, the population of New Brunswick in 2021 is 775,610 and its population in 2024 is 842,725 or 0.84 million. 

Source: Statistics Canada

New Brunswick Population 2016-2021

New Brunswick has a population growth rate of 3.8% during 2016-2021. It has population increase of  28,509 since 2016.

New BrunswickCensus 2021
Total Population775,610
Percentage Change since 20163.8%
Population Rank8th
Total Land Area71,249 sq. km (27,590 sq mi)
Area Rank11th
Population Density10.9/km2 (28.2/sq mi)
Capital CityFredericton
Largest CityMoncton

Source: Statistics Canada

New Brunswick Historical Population

New Brunswick has a population growth rate during 2016-2020 of 5.64%. In 1901 Population of New Brunswick was 0.3 million & Year 2021 it reached 0.8 million, an increase of almost half million. Let’s look at population & percentage change from the Year 1851 to 2021.

Census YearPopulationAbsolute ChangePercentage Change
182474,176
1834119,457+45,281   +61.05         
1841156,162+36,705   +30.73         
1851193,800+37,638   +24.10         
1861252,047+58,247   +30.06         
1871285,594+33,547   +13.31         
1881321,233+35,639   +12.48         
1891321,263+30   +.01         
1901331,120+9,857   +3.07         
1911351,889+20,769   +6.27         
1921387,876+35,987   +10.23         
1931408,219+20,343   +5.24         
1941457,401+49,182   +12.05         
1951515,697+58,296   +12.75         
1956554,616+38,919   +7.55         
1961597,936+43,320   +7.81         
1966616,788+18,852   +3.15         
1971634,560+17,772   +2.88         
1976677,250+42,690   +6.73         
1981696,403+19,153   +2.83         
1986709,445+13,042   +1.87         
1991723,900+14,455   +2.04         
1996738,133+14,233   +1.97         
2001729,498-+8,635   -+1.17         
2006729,997+499   +.07         
2011751,171+21,174   +2.90         
2016747,101-+4,070   -+.54         
2021775,610+28.509+3.8         

Source: Statistics Canada

New Brunswick Ethnic composition

The ethnic origin most often reported in New Brunswick was Canadian followed by French, English, Irish, Scottish, and German. European origins (89.8%) of the population are most common and Aboriginals are 4.4% of New Brunswick’s Population. First Nations, Metis & Inuit are major Aboriginal people. Almost 5.5% of the population of New Brunswick belongs to a visible minority group. The Main Visible minority communities are Black, South Asian, Filipino, Arab, Chinese, and Latino.

read in detail about race and ethnicity in New Brunswick

Top cities in New Brunswick by population
#CityPopulation
1Moncton71,889
2Saint John67,575
3Fredericton58,220
4Dieppe25,384
5Miramichi17,537
6Edmundston16,580
7Bathurst11,897
8Campbellton6,883

Source: Statistics Canada 2016

New Brunswick Population 2024 | Top Cities in New Brunswick