Canada >> Provinces >> Newfoundland and Labrador

Population of Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador is a Province of Canada &  composed of the island of Newfoundland and the continental region of Labrador. It’s the most easterly province in Canada and is in the northeastern corner of North America. Newfoundland and Labrador is Canada’s ninth most populous province and its fourth-smallest province by area.  As per the Canada Census Bureau, the population of Newfoundland and Labrador in 2021 is 510,550 and Its estimated population in 2024 is 540,418 or 0.54 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Census 2016-2021

Newfoundland and Labrador has a population growth rate of -1.8% during 2016-2021. It has population deacrease of 9166 since 2016. 

Newfoundland and LabradorCensus 2021
Total Population510,550
Percentage Change since 2016-1.8%
Population Rank9th
Total Land Area358,170 sq. km (144,353 sq mi)
Area Rank10th
Population Density1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi)
Capital CitySt. John’s
Largest CitySt. John’s

Source: Statistics Canada

Newfoundland and Labrador Historical Population

Newfoundland and Labrador has a population growth rate during 2016-2020 of 01.6%. Let’s look at population & percentage change from the Year 1825 to 2021.

Census Year Population Absolute Change Percentage Change
1825 55,719
1836 75,094 +19,375    +34.77         
1845 96,295 +21,201    +28.23         
1851 101,600 +5,305    +5.51         
1857 124,288 +22,688    +22.33         
1869 146,536 +22,248    +17.90         
1874 161,374 +14,838    +10.13         
1884 197,335 +35,961    +22.28         
1891 202,040 +4,705    +2.38         
1901 220,984 +18,944    +9.38         
1911 242,619 +21,635    +9.79         
1921 263,033 +20,414    +8.41         
1935 289,588 +26,555    +10.10         
1945 321,819 +32,231    +11.13         
1951 361,416 +39,597    +12.30         
1956 415,074 +53,658    +14.85         
1966 493,396 +78,322    +18.87         
1971 522,100 +28,704    +5.82         
1976 557,720 +35,620    +6.82         
1981 567,681 +9,961    +1.79         
1986 568,350 +669    +0.12         
1991 568,475 +125    +0.02         
1996 551,790 -16,685    -2.94         
2001 512,930 -38,860    -7.04         
2006 505,469 -7,461    -1.45         
2011  514,536 +9,067    +1.79         
2016 519,716 +5,180    +1.01         
2021 510,550 -9166 -1.8       
Source: Statistics Canada

Newfoundland and Labrador Ethnic composition

The ethnic origin most often reported in Newfoundland and Labrador was Canadian followed by English, Irish, Scottish, and French. European origins (87.4%) of the population are most common and Aboriginals are 9.2% of Newfoundland and Labrador populations. First Nations, Metis, and Inuit are major Aboriginal people. Almost 3.3% of the population of Newfoundland and Labrador belongs to a visible minority group. The Main Visible minority communities are South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latino, and Arab.

Top cities in Newfoundland and Labrador

St. John’s, located in Newfoundland and Labrador, is the largest city and the capital. It covers an area of 446.04 km2 (172.22 sq mi) and has a population of 110,525 according to the 2021 census. The populations of other cities and towns in the region are less than 100,000. Mount Pearl and Corner Brook are two incorporated cities, while others are towns or municipalities.

#Cities/ Town / Municipality2021
1St. John’s110,525
2Conception Bay South27,168
3Paradise22,957
4Mount Pearl22,477
5Corner Brook19,333
6Grand Falls-Windsor13,853
7Gander11,880
8Portugal Cove-St. Philip’s8,415
9Happy Valley-Goose Bay8,040
10Torbay7,852

Source: Statistics Canada 2016

Newfoundland and Labrador Population 2024