Canada >> Provinces >> Northwest Territories 

Population of Northwest Territories

The Northwest Territories is a federal territory of Canada located in northern Canada. It’s the most populous of the three territories & borders Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east, as well as three provinces: British Columbia to the southwest, and Alberta and Saskatchewan to the south.  Northwest Territories is 3rd least populated Province and territory of Canada & 3rd largest by area. As per the Canada Census Bureau, the population of Northwest Territories in 2021 is 41,070 and its estimated population in 2024 is 44,760

Source: Statistics Canada

Northwest Territories Population 2016-2021

Northwest Territories has a population growth rate of -1.70% during 2016-2021. It has population decrease of 716 since 2016. 

Northwest TerritoriesCensus 2021
Total Population41,070
Percentage Change since 2016-1.7%
Population Rank11th
Total Land Area1,127,712 sq. km (456,792 sq mi)
Area Rank3rd
Population Density0.04/km2 (0.1/sq mi)
Capital CityYellowknife
Largest CityYellowknife

Source: Statistics Canada

Northwest Territories Historical Population

Northwest Territories has a population growth rate during 2016-2021 of 8.9% %. In 1999, NT ceded land to the creation of Nunavut & earlier also ceded land to creation & expansion of other provinces. Let’s look at population & percentage change from the Year 2001 to 2021.

Census YearPopulationAbsolute ChangePercentage Change
200137,360
200641,464+4,104   +10.99%
201141,462-+2   +.0         
201641,786+324   +.78%
202141,070-716  -1.7%
Source: Statistics Canada

Religion in Northwest Territories

Christianity is the largest religion in Northwest Territories and is followed by 55.2% of people. Roughly 39.8% of the Northwest Territories population had no religious affiliation. 

With immigration patterns, there were growing proportions of the population who reported religious affiliations other than Christian. These religions included Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Jews, and Buddhists. In 2021, about 4.2% of the population reported affiliation with one of these religions. 

In 2021, people who identified themselves as Muslim made up 1.8% of the population, Hindu 0.5%, Sikh 0.3%,  Buddhist  0.6%, and Jews 0.1%.  Indigenous religion is fllwed by 0.8% and Other smaller faiths are 0.5% of the population.

Let’s Look at the Religion wise population & percentage of Northwest Territories

ReligionNumbersPercentage
Christian22,27555.2%
No religion and secular perspectives16,06539.8%
Muslim7301.8%
North American Indigenous3300.8%
Buddhist2500.6%
Hindu2000.5%
Sikh1100.3%
Jewish500.1%
Other religions and spiritual traditions3700.9%

Source: Statistics Canada 2021

Christianity in Northwest Territories

As per Canadian Census 2021, 55.2% of the Northwest Territories population reported that they were affiliated with a Christian religion. Roman Catholics were the largest Christian religious group in 2021.  About 32% of people identified themselves as Roman Catholic. It’s followed by the various branches of Protestantism Churches. Anglican (8.1%) is the second largest followed by United Church (2%) and Pentecostal (1.9%).

Let’s look at the Christian Affiliations percentage and numbers in Northwest Territories

Christian AffiliationsNumbersPercentage
Catholic12,93032%
Anglican3,2808.1%
United Church8152%
Pentecostal and other Charismatic7701.9%
Baptist6101.5%
Christian Orthodox1850.5%
Lutheran1800.4%
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness)1200.3%
Jehovah’s Witness800.2%
Latter Day Saints850.2%
Presbyterian800.2%
Anabaptist350.1%
Reformed100
Christian not specified2,4906.2%
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions6001.5%
Total22,27555.2%

Source: Statistics Canada 2021

Northwest Territories Ethnic composition

Northwest Territory is primarily populated by Indigenous peoples Followed by the European population. European origins are 38.2% of the population and Aboriginals make up 49.6% of the Northwest Territories Population. First Nations, Metis, and Inuit are major Aboriginal people. Almost 12.18% of the population of the Northwest Territories belongs to a visible minority group. The Main Visible minority communities are Filipino, Black, South Asian, Chinese, and Arab.

read in detail about Race and ethnicity in Northwest Territory

Northwest Territories Population 2024 | Religion in Northwest Territories