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Population and Demography of Texas

Texas is a state in the South Central region of the United States and shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the south and southwest.

Texas is the second-largest populous state and also the second-largest state U.S. state by area. As per the  United States Census Bureau, the population of Texas in 2020 is 2,91,45,505 (29 million) 

Estimated population of Texas in 2024: 30,503,301 or 30.5 million

Texas Population 2010-2020

Texas has a population growth rate during 2010-2020 of 15.9%. It has population increase of  3,999,944 (4 million) since 2010.  The median age among the residents of the state is approximately 34.2 years of age. The ratio of females to males is 50.4% females and 49.6% males.

TexasCensus 2020
Total Population2,91,45,505 (29.14 million
Percentage Change in a decade15.9%
Population Rank2nd
Total Land Area261,232 sq mi (676,587 km2)
Area Rank2nd
Population Density114/sq mi (42.9/km2)

Source: US Census 2020

Texas Historical Population

Texas has a population growth rate of 15.9% during 2010 – 2020. In 1910, the Population of Texas was 3.8 million and in the year 2020, it reached 29 million, an increase of almost 25 million.

By far the biggest increase in the measured population of Texas took place between 1850 and 1860 when the numbers jumped from 212,592 to 604,215. This represented a rise of an incredible 184.2% and further large jumps were experienced for the rest of the 19th century. Further growth levels settled down by comparison but there has still been a healthy increase 

Let’s look at the decade population & percentage change from the Year 1910 to 2020

YearPopulationPercentage Change

Texas Population Projections

Unlike much of the United States of America, Texas’s growth is fairly constant and as such, it is far easier to predict than other parts of the country. The population of Texas in 2016 is now estimated at 27.4 million, and given its very high growth rate, it will be no surprise to see a substantial jump in the population at the next census.

Currently, 5 of the 15 fastest-growing cities in the United States are located in Texas, and San Marcos, located between San Antonio and Austin, had the highest growth rate of any US city or town with more than 50,000 people between 2011 and 2012.

The population of Texas is estimated to continue the “rural flight” trend, further increasing the population of its larger cities, with growth fueled by the suburbs, as well as recent gas and oil development in many parts of the state. . By 2040, Texas is projected to have a population over 45 million.

Source: US Census Bureau population estimate 2020

Demography Details

Race and Ethnicity in Texas

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in Texas, comprising 39.75% of the total population. It is followed closely by the Hispanic or Latino population at 39.26%. Black or African American alone was in third place with 11.82%. The Asian population was the fourth-largest group at 5.36%. Two or more races were at 3.04&

Ancestry in Texas

As per Census Studies and estimates German, Irish, and English Americans have made the three largest European ancestry groups in Texas.  There are also large populations of Italian Americans and French Americans in Texas. Black Americans are the largest racial minority in the state, with blacks of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin making up less than 12% of the population. 

Asian Americans represent a rather large minority group in Texas, with more than 200,000 Indians living in the state. Hispanics and Latinos are Texas’s second-largest group after non-Hispanic Europeans, with nearly 8.5 million people. 

read about Race and Ethnicity in Texas

Religion Affiliations

In terms of religious preferences among the current residents of the state, 77% are affiliated with a Christian-based faith, 4% are affiliated with non-Christian-based faiths, and 18% report no affiliation with any religion in particular.

The majority of Christians in Texas are Protestants (50% ) followed by Roman Catholics (23%), Mormonism (1%), and other Christians (3%).  Other Religion includes Judaism (1%), Islam (1%), Buddhism (1%) and Hinduism, and other religions at less than 1 percent each.

For more details read Religion in Texas

Top cities in Texas

Houston is the largest city in Texas and it has three cities with more than 1 million people: Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio, which also rank as 10 of the most populous cities in the country. There are also three cities with a population of over 500,000, which are El Paso, Fort Worth, and the capital, Austin, which are among the 25 largest cities in the US.

The two most populated counties in Texas are Harris and Dallas Counties, with respective populations of 4,652,980 and 2,618,148. Both counties currently enjoy growth rates exceeding 10% since the last official census in 2010.

read more about Cities and Counties in Texas

Texas Population 2024 | Texas Demographics