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Texas Population by Race and Ethnicity

Texas the second-largest U.S. state by population has a racially and ethnically diverse population. As of 2020, White (Non-Hispanic) are the largest group in Texas followed closely by Hispanic or Latino Americans. Next comes African Americans and Asian Americans.

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Ethnic and Racial Percentage

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in Texas, comprising 39.75% of the total population. It is followed closely by the Hispanic or Latino population at 39.26%.

Black or African American alone was in third place with 11.82%. The Asian population was the fourth-largest group at 5.36%. Two or more races were at 3.04%

The ethnic composition of Texas is as follows

Race and OriginActual PopulationPercentage 2020
White alone (non-Hispanic)11,584,59739.75%
Hispanic or Latino11,441,71739.26%
Black or African American alone3,444,71211.82%
Asian alone1,561,5185.36%
Two or more races:886,0953.04%
Some Other Race alone113,5840.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone85,4250.29%
Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islanders alone27,8570.10%

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Ancestry in Texas

As per Census Studies and estimate the German, Irish, and English Americans have made the three largest European ancestry groups in Texas. In the 1980 United States Census, the largest ancestry group reported in Texas was English with 3,083,323 Texans citing they were of English or mostly English ancestry, making them 27 percent of the state at the time. 

Their ancestry primarily goes back to the original thirteen colonies (the census of 1790 gives 48% of the population of English ancestry, together with 12% Scots and Scots-Irish, 4.5% other Irish, and 3% Welsh, for a total of 67.5% British and Irish; 13% were German, Swiss, Dutch, and French Huguenots; 19% were African American), thus many of them today identify as “American” in ancestry, though they are of predominantly British stock.

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 European Ancestry in Texas

German, Irish, and English Americans have made up the three largest European ancestry groups in Texas. Next comes Italian, French, and Scottish Americans.

Ancestry Estimate Percentage
French 509,1181.76%
Subsaharan African446,3301.54%
West Indian (excluding Hispanic origin groups)99,2410.34%
French Canadian72,4570.25%
Hispanics and Latinos

Hispanics and Latinos are the second-largest groups in Texas after non-Hispanic European Americans. Around 39% of Texas’s Population claims Hispanic or Latin American ethnicity.  People of Mexican descent alone numbered over 7.9 million and made up 31.6% of the population. 

The vast majority of the Hispanic/Latino population in the state is of Mexican descent, the next two largest groups are Salvadorans and Puerto Ricans. There are more than 222,000 Salvadorans and more than 130,000 Puerto Ricans in Texas. Other groups with large numbers in Texas include Hondurans, Guatemalans, Nicaraguans, and Cubans, among others. 

African Americans

Texas has a significant Black/African American alone population, making it one of the states with the largest Black population in The United States. According to 2020 census data, the Black/African American alone population in Texas was around 3,444,712, which accounts for approximately 12% of the state’s total population.

A large majority of the Texas African American population (about 65%) lives in the Houston and Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan areas. Austin, San Antonio, and Beaumont have smaller but still significant Black populations. Most of the remainder of Black Texans live in the smaller cities, towns, and rural areas of East and Southeast Texas.

There are also small Black populations in the cities and towns of West Texas and the Texas Panhandle such as Amarillo, Odessa, and El Paso. During the 1990s and 2000s Texas has been one of the top states for African Americans to relocate and most of that growth has been in Dallas and Houston.

Asian Americans

Asian Americans are a sizable minority group in Texas. Americans of Asian descent formed 5.36 % of the population. Indian Americans, Vietnamese, and Chinese are the largest subgroups.

Let’s have a look at the top Asian groups by population In Texas

  • Indian Americans – 532,252
  • Vietnamese – 325,513
  • Chinese – 302,283
  • Filipinos – 222,134
  • Koreans – 115,107
  • Pakistani – 100,832
  • Japanese Americans – 72,948
Native Americans

Native Americans are a smaller minority in the state. Native Americans made up 0.5% of Texas’s population and number over 118,000 individuals as of 2015. Native Americans of non-Hispanic origin made up 0.3% of the population and numbered over 75,000 individuals. Cherokee made up 0.1 % of the population and numbered over 19,400. In contrast, only 583 identified as Chippewa.

Pacific Islanders

Americans with origins from the Pacific Islands are the smallest minority in Texas. According to the 2019 American Community Survey, only 21,484 Texans are Pacific Islanders. The city of Euless, a suburb of Fort Worth, contains a sizable population of Tongan Americans, at nearly 900 people, over one percent of the city’s population. Killeen has a sufficient population of Samoans and Guamanians, and people of Pacific Islander descent surpass one percent of the city’s population.


Multiracial individuals are also visible minorities in Texas. People identifying as multiracial form 2.9 % of the population, and number over 800,000 people. 

  • African and European – 80,000
  • European and American Indian – 108,800. 
  • European and Asian ancestry – 57,600.
  • African and Native American – 15,300.

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Race and Ethnicity in Texas 2024 | Ancestry in Texas