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South Dakota Population by Race and Ethnicity

South Dakota, the fifth least populated U.S. state has a racially and ethnically diverse population. As of 2020, White (Non-Hispanic)  are the largest group in South Dakota followed by Native Americans. 

also read about the Population of South Dakota

Ethnic and Racial Composition

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in South Dakota, comprising 79.58% of the total population. It was followed by the Native American Indian population whose share was 8.41%.

Hispanic or Latino was the third largest group at 4.37%.  Two or more races population was at 3.57% & African American at 1.97%.

The ethnic composition of  South Dakota is as follows

Race and OriginActual Population Percentage 2020
White alone (non-Hispanic)705,58379.58%
American Indian and Alaska Native74,5958.41%
Hispanic or Latino38,7414.37%
Two or more races:34,4323.88%
Black or African American alone17,4411.97%
Asian alone13,3321.50%
Some Other Race alone2,0500.23%
Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander 4930.06%

Source: US Census Bureau population estimate 2020

*US Census recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races. It also classified respondents as "Hispanic or Latino" or "Not Hispanic or Latino", identifying Hispanic and Latino as an ethnicity (not a race), which comprises the largest minority group in the nation.

Ancestry in South Dakota

As per Census Studies & estimate German, Norwegian, Irish, English, and American have made the five largest ancestry groups in South Dakota. 

The Largest Ancestry in South Dakota is as follows

8French 18,8732.1%
11Subsaharan African13,7491.6%
19French Canadian3,9740.4%
22West Indian 1,0050.1%

Source: US Census Bureau population estimate 2020

Demography of South Dakota

While alone (Non-Hispanics) in South Dakota

Non-Hispanic Whites account for nearly 79.58% of South Dakota’s population. German, Norwegian, Irish, and English Americans have made up the largest European ancestry groups in South Dakota. As per the Census report, German Americans made up 34.4% of the population and number 304,063 members. Norwegian Americans made up 12.8% of the population and number 113,629

Irish Americans made up 9.4% of the population and number 83,376 followed by English ancestry at 5.9% of the population and number 51,882

Native Americans in South Dakota

Native Americans are the second largest group in South Dakota. Native Americans made up 8.41% of South Dakota’s population and number 74,595individuals as of 2020. Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota (Sioux) are major Native American groups. South Dakota has the third-highest proportion of Native Americans of any state, behind Alaska and New Mexico.

Hispanics and Latinos in South Dakota

Hispanics and Latinos are the third-largest groups in South Dakota. Around 4.37% of South Dakota’s Population claims Hispanic or Latin American ethnicity.  

Multi-Race in South Dakota

Multiracial individuals are also a visible minority in South Dakota and they are the fourth-largest group. People identifying as multiracial form 3.88% of the population, and number around 34,432  people. 

African Americans in Florida

As of 2020, those of African ancestry accounted for 1.97% of South Dakota’s population.

Asian Americans in South Dakota

Asian Americans are a minority group in South Dakota. Americans of Asian descent formed 1.50% of the population. Its ethnic Asian population has grown rapidly since the late 1990s; the majority are Indians, Filipinos, Vietnamese, and ethnic Chinese.

Pacific Islanders in South Dakota

Americans with origins from the Pacific Islands are the smallest minority in South Dakota.  They made up 0.06% of South Dakota’s population

Race and Ethnicity in South Dakota 2024 | Ancestry in South Dakota