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Georgia Population by Race and Ethnicity

Georgia, the eighth-largest state in the US by population, is home to a diverse population. As of 2020, the largest ethnic group in Georgia is White (non-Hispanic), followed by African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans.

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Georgia Ethnic and Racial Percentage

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in Georgia, comprising 50.06% of the total population. It was followed by the African American population whose share was 30.60%.

Hispanic or Latino was the third largest group at 10.49%. The Asian population is fourth with a share of 4.44%. Two or more races are at 3.64%.

The ethnic composition of  Georgia is as follows

Race and OriginActual PopulationPercentage 2020
White alone (non-Hispanic)5,362,15650.06%
Black or African American alone3,278,11930.60%
Hispanic or Latino1,123,45710.49%
Asian alone475,6804.44%
Two or more races390,1333.64%
Some Other Race alone55,8870.52%
American Indian and Alaska Native20,3750.19%
Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander6,1010.06%

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*US Census recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races. It also classified respondents as "Hispanic or Latino" or "Not Hispanic or Latino", identifying Hispanic and Latino as an ethnicity (not a race), which comprises the largest minority group in the nation.

Ancestry in Georgia

As per Census Studies and estimate English, Irish, German, and Italians have made the four largest ancestry groups in Georgia. In 2020, 9.70% of the population considered themselves to be of only American ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity). Many of these were of English,  Scotch-Irish, or European descent; however, their families have lived in the state for so long that they choose to identify as having “American” ancestry or do not know their ancestry. Some of their ancestry dates to the original thirteen colonies.

The Largest Ancestry in Georgia is as follows

Subsaharan African199,2991.9%
West Indian 136,5011.3%
French (except Basque)136,4371.3%
French Canadian22,1090.2%

Source: US Census Bureau population estimate 2020

European Ancestry in Georgia

Non-Hispanics White account for nearly 50% of Georgia’s population. English, Irish, and German Americans have made up the three largest European ancestry groups in Georgia.

As per the Census report, English Americans made up 7.1% of the population and numbered over 0.75 million members. Irish Americans made up 6.5%  of the population and numbered over 0.7 million. 

German Americans made up 6% of the population and numbered over 0.63 million followed by Italian ancestry at 2.1%  of the population and numbered over 227,447.

Other Europeans who make good numbers are Scottish (1.6%), French (1.3%), Polish (1.1%), Scotch-Irish (1.1%), Dutch (0.50%), Swedish (0.40%), Norwegian (0.40%), Welsh (0.50%) and Russians (0.40%).

African Americans in Georgia

As of 2020, those of African ancestry accounted for 30.60% of Georgia’s population. According to census estimates, Georgia ranks third among the states in terms of the percent of the total population that is African American (after Mississippi and Louisiana) and second in numerical Black population after Texas.

A substantial proportion of Georgia’s African American population resides in the Atlanta metropolitan area, where they make up 50% of the city’s population and 34% of the metro population. Other urban areas, such as Augusta, Columbus, Macon, and Savannah, also host significant Black populations. Additionally, there are numerous Black residents living in smaller cities, towns, and rural areas across the state.

Hispanics and Latinos in Georgia

Hispanics and Latinos are the third-largest groups in Georgia after non-Hispanic whites and African Americans. Around 11% of Georgia’s Population claims Hispanic or Latin American ethnicity.  According to 2018, US Census Bureau estimates, the majority of Hispanics in Georgia are of Mexican descent followed by Puerto Rican and Guatemalan descent.

  • Mexican descent (58.1% of Hispanics)
  • Puerto Rican (10.1%)
  • Guatemalan (6.3%)
  • Salvadoran (4.8%)
  • Cuban (3.4%)
  • Colombian (3.1%)
  • Honduran (2.5%)
  • Dominican (2.2%)
  • Venezuelan (1.4%)
  • Peruvian (1.2%)
  • Spanish (Spain) (1.2%)
  • other Hispanic ethnicity or of mixed Hispanic ethnicity (5.7%)

Asian Americans in Georgia

Americans of Asian descent formed 4.4% of the population.  Georgia had the second-fastest-growing Asian population growth in the U.S. from 1990 to 2000, more than doubling in size during the ten-year period.  The Asian population in Georgia is diverse with the largest group being Indians followed by Chinese and Vietnamese.

  • Indian Americans (32.6% of Asians)
  • Chinese (excluding Taiwan) descent (15.0%)
  • Vietnamese (13.8%)
  • Korean (12.2%)
  • Filipino (6.0%)
  • Pakistani (3.8%)
  • Nepalese (2.4%)
  • Japanese (2.1%)
  • Burmese (1.9%)
  • Hmong (1.5%)
  • Bangladeshi (1.3%)
  • Cambodian (1.1%)
  • Thai (1.0%)
  • Other Asian ethnicity or mixed Asian ethnicity (5.3%)

read about Top Counties and Cities in Georgia

Race and Ethnicity in Georgia 2024 | Ancestry in Georgia