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Maine Population by Race and Ethnicity

Maine, the 42nd largest U.S. state by population has a racially and ethnically diverse population. As of 2020, White (Non-Hispanic)  are the largest group in Maine followed by Hispanic or Latino Americans. 

also read about the Population of Maine

Ethnic and Racial Percentage

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in Maine, comprising 90.16% of the total population. It was followed by the Hispanic or Latino population whose share was 1.95%.

Black or African American was the third largest group at 1.84%.  Two or more races are at 3.93% & Asians at 1.22%

The ethnic composition of  Maine is as follows

Race and OriginPopulationPercentage 2020
White alone1,228,26490.16%
Two or more races53,5733.93%
Hispanic or Latino26,6091.95%
Black or African American alone25,1151.84%
Asian alone16,6681.22%
American Indians and Alaska Natives alone7,2930.54%
Some Other Race alone4,4300.33%
Native Hawaiian &  Pacific Islanders4070.03%

Source: US Census 2020

read about Religion in Maine

*US Census recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races. It also classified respondents as "Hispanic or Latino" or "Not Hispanic or Latino", identifying Hispanic and Latino as an ethnicity (not a race), which comprises the largest minority group in the nation.

Ancestry in Maine

As per Census Studies & estimate English, Irish, French, French Candian & German have made the five largest ancestry groups in Maine. In 2020, 6.0% of the population considered themselves to be of only American ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity). Many of these were of English or Scotch-Irish descent; however, their families have lived in the state for so long they choose to identify as having “American” ancestry or do not know their ancestry. Some of their ancestry dates to the original thirteen colonies.

The Largest Ancestry in Maine is as follows

#ANCESTRYActual PopulationPercentage 2020
3French 173,62412.9%
4French Canadian104,9537.8%
12Subsaharan African14,6741.1%
25West Indian 2,5370.2%

Source: US Census 2020

also read about the List of Counties and Cities in Maine

European Ancestry in Maine

Non-Hispanic Whites account for nearly 90.16% of Maine’s population. English, Irish, and French Americans have made up the three largest European ancestry groups in Maine. As per the Census report, English Americans made up 17.1%  of the population and numbered 230,520 members.

Irish Americans made up 16.2 % of the population and numbered 217,609. French Americans made up 12.9 % of the population and number 173,624 followed by French Canadian ancestry at 7.8% of the population and number 104,953.

Beside them Europeans who make good numbers are German (7.5%), Italian (5.4%), Scottish (4%), Polish (2.3%), and Swedish (1.6%)

Hispanics and Latinos in Maine

Hispanics and Latinos are the second-largest groups in Maine after non-Hispanic European Americans. Around 1.95% of Maine’s Population claims Hispanic or Latin American ethnicity.  Mexican (0.4%), Puerto Rican (0.4%), Cuban (0.1%), and other Hispanic or Latino origin (0.6%).

African Americans in Maine

As of 2020, those of African ancestry accounted for 1.84% of Maine’s population. The largest African American population in 2023 is Portland (68,063), Lewiston (36,615), Bangor (31,920), and South Portland (26,428).

Asian Americans in Maine

Asian Americans are a sizable minority group in Maine. Americans of Asian descent formed 1.22 % of the population. Its ethnic Asian population has grown rapidly since the late 1990s; the majority are Indians, Filipinos, Vietnamese, and ethnic Chinese.

Multi-Race in Maine

Multiracial individuals are also a visible minority in Maine. People identifying as multiracial form 3.93% of the population, and number around 54,000 people. 

Race and Ethnicity in Maine 2024 | Ancestry in Maine