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Population and Demography of Arkansas

Arkansas is a state in the South Central region of the United States. It borders Missouri to the north, Tennessee, and Mississippi to the east, Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, and Oklahoma to the west.

Arkansas is the 33rd most populous state in the United States. The total Land area is 52,035 square miles (134,524 square kilometers) and there is an average of 57 people for every square mile. This makes Arkansas the 34th most densely populated state in the US. As per the  United States Census Bureau, the population of Arkansas in 2020 is 3,011,524 (3 million) 

Estimated Population of Arkansas in 2024 – 3,067,732 (3.1 million)

Arkansas Population (2010-2020)

Arkansas has a population growth rate during 2010-2020 of 3.3%. It has had a population increase of 95,606 since 2010.  The median age is 36 in Arkansas. Approximately 51% of the Arkansas population is female, with 49% male population.

ArkansasCensus 2020
Total Population3,011,524 (3 million) 
Percentage Change3.3%
Population Rank33rd
Total Land Area52,035 sq mi (134,771 km2)
Area Rank29th
Population Density56.4/sq mi (21.8/km2)
Capital CityLittle Rock
Largest CityLittle Rock
Religion and affilations

Christianity is the majority religion in Arkansas followed by 79% of the population. The largest Christian denomination in Arkansas is Protestants (70%); Roman Catholics (8%) and Other Christians (1%).

Next comes the Unaffiliated population, 18% of the population doesn’t follow or adhere to any faith or religion. Other non-Christian-based religions and faiths are followed by 3% of the population and include Islam, Jewish, Hinduism, Buddhism, and other smaller faiths. 

For more details read Religion in Arkansas

Race and Ethnicity 

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in Arkansas, comprising 68.52% of the total population. It was followed by the Black or African American population whose share was 14.94%. Hispanic or Latino was the third largest group at 8.53%.  Two or more races were at 4.89% & Asians at 1.70%

Ancestry in Arkansas 

As per Census Studies and estimate American, Irish, German, English, and Scottish have made the five largest ancestry groups in Arkansas.

For more Details read Race and Ethnicity in Arkansas 

Arkansas Historical Population

In the year 1900 Population of Arkansas was 1.3 million and in 2020 it reached 3 million, an increase of almost 1.7 million.

Let’s look at decade population & percentage change 

Census YearPopulation% Change
Top Cities and Counties in Arkansas

As of 2022, Arkansas is divided into 75 counties. Pulaski is the most populated county in Arkansas and the largest county by area is Union County (1,055 sq mi). The largest city in Arkansas is Little Rock located in the county of Pulaski. It’s the only city in Arkansas with a population of over 100,000. Other Big cities are Fayetteville (89,576), and Fort Smith  (87,764).

read more about counties and cities in Arkansas 

Arkansas Population 2024 | Arkansas Demographics