Colombia Population 2024
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country in South America. It’s the second-largest populated country in South America. It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, Ecuador, and Peru to the south, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and Panama to the northwest. According to the National Population and Housing Census, the population of Colombia in 2023 is 52,215,503 (52 million).
Estimated Population of Colombia in 2024 – 52.5 million
|South America Rank||2nd|
|Land Area||1,038,700 sq.km (401,000 sq. mi)|
|Pop. Density||50 per Km2|
Religion in Colombia
Christianity is the largest religion in Colombia and Colombian constitution guarantees freedom of religion and all religious faiths and churches are equally free before the law.
Among Christians in Colombia Catholics have the most adherents. According to the 2020 report by the Latino barometer, 68.9% of the population followed Roman Catholicism; 16.8% Protestantism; 0.7% Jehovah’s Witnesses, and 0.2% other Christians
Other Non-Christian-based faiths population is at 0.8% other religions which include 0.1% Jewish population. About 10.9% of the Colombians follow No religion and another 2% don’t know or have no answer about religious choices
There is a small population professing the Baháʼí Faith, Islam, Buddhism, Mormonism, Hinduism, and Indigenous religions.
According to a 2020 report by the Latino barometer religion percentage in Brazil is as follows
|Evangelical (no specific)||15.7%|
Race and Ethnicity in Colombia
Colombia is a multi-ethnic nation, home to people of different races, ethnicity, and national backgrounds.
The 2018 census reported that the “non-ethnic population”, consisting of whites and mestizos (those of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry), constituted 87.58% of the national population. 6.68% is of African ancestry. Indigenous Amerindians constitute 4.31% of the population. Raizal people constitute 0.06% of the population. Palenquero people constitute 0.02% of the population. 0.01% of the population are Roma.
White Colombians are mainly of Spanish descent, Italians, Irish, Germans, and French. West Asian Ancestry of Lebanese, Palestinians, and Syrians are also present.
Some of the largest indigenous groups are the Wayuu, the Paez, the Pastos, the Emberá, and the Zenú.
PLOS genetic research determined that the average Colombian (of all races) has a mixture of European 62.5%, native Amerindian 27.4% , African 9.2% and East Asian 0.9%
The racial composition is as follows
|Race and Ethnicity||Percentage|
|White and Mestizo||87.58%|
|Afro-Colombian (includes Mixed)||6.68%|
Source: 2018 Coloumbian Census
Top States in Colombia by Population
Colombia comprises 32 departments and the Capital District of Bogotá, the country’s largest city.
|3||Valle del Cauca||4,475,886|
|10||Norte de Santander||1,491,689|
|31||San Andrés y Providencia||61,280|
Source: Census 2018
Top Cities in Colombia by Population
|3||Cali||Valle del Cauca||21,72,527|
|6||Cúcuta||Norte de Santander||6,85,445|