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Argentina Population by Race

Argentina is a multi-ethnic nation, home to people of different races, ethnicity, and national backgrounds. Most of the Argentines are descendants of 19th and 20th-century immigrants, with about 97% of the population being of European or partial European descent and mestizo.

Initial European settlement in Argentina began in the 16th century with Spanish colonization. The Spaniards imported African slaves, who would go on to become the first Afro-Argentines. It also has a population with indigenous or mestizo ancestry. In the 20th Century, people also migrated from West Asia  (mostly Syrian and Lebanese) also the Jewish population.

More recent migratory flows have come from other Latin American countries, with Paraguayans, Bolivians, Peruvians, and Venezuelans making up the bulk of Argentina’s modern-day immigrant communities.

also read about Population of Argentina

Race by Percentage

According to the 2020 studies, 85% of the Argentine population is White; 11% is Mestizo,  2.9% is Asian, and 1% is Amerindian (indigenous).  The main ethnic groups of Argentina are Italians, Spanish, Germans, Guaraní, Mapuche, Qom (Toba), Kolla, and Wichí. Argentina has thirty-six Indigenous ethnic groups and dozens of other ethnic groups derived from African, Asian, and Europe settlers.

The racial percentage is as follows

Race and EthnicityPercentage
Whites 85%
Mestizo 11 %
Afro-Argentine 0.40%

Source: UAEM report

European Ancestry in Argentina

The most numerous immigrant European communities are Spaniards (including Basques, Asturians, and Galicians). People of Italian descent make up almost two-thirds of the population. Spanish, Germans, Welsh,  and other ethnicities and nationalities make up the rest.  Scandinavians (mainly Danes and Swedes), Slavs (including Russians, Ukrainians, Poles, Czechs, Bulgarians, Slovenes, Serbs and Croats), Finns, the French (including francophone Basques), the Irish, Portuguese, the Dutch, among others in a smaller number.

Mestizo in Argentina

Unlike Other Latin American countries, the Mestizo population in Argentina is just 11%. According to studies of Argentine DNA, about 56 percent of the Argentine population is to some degree “mestizo.”


Native Argentines make up to 1% of the total population. Indigenous tribes have significant populations in the country’s North-West (Quechua, Diaguita, Kolla, Aymara); in the North-East (Guaraní, Mocoví, Toba, Wichí); and in the Patagonia or South (Mapuche, Tehuelche).

Asians in Argentina

Asian peoples have increasing minorities in some Buenos Aires neighborhoods and are expanding to other large Argentine cities.  Arab descent is also significant (mostly of Syrian and Lebanese origin) and the Jewish population is the biggest in all of Latin America. Japanese, Koreans, and Chinese also have small communities in Argentina.


Argentinians of African descent—Afro-descendants—numbered some hundred and fifty thousand in the 2010 census. Africans first came to Argentina as slaves in Spanish colonial times, and many mixed with Europeans and Indigenous people.

As per Census studies 0.40% of the country’s overall population identified as Afro-Argentine, although according to gene pool studies, the Argentine population with some degree of Sub-Saharan African descent would be around 7.5%. There is a notable Afro-Argentine community in the Buenos Aires districts of San Telmo and La Boca. There are also quite a few African-descended Argentines in Merlo and Ciudad Evita, in the Buenos Aires metropolitan area.

Cape Verdeans constitute one of the largest African immigrant communities, numbering over 15,000; they mainly live in port cities in Buenos Aires Province, such as Ensenada and Dock Sud. Immigration from Senegal, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Angola, and other African countries in recent decades has caused a surge in the country’s black population as well.

know about the List of Province and Cities in Argentina

Race and Ethnicity in Argentina | Argentina Population by Race