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Religion in Michigan

The United States had rich and diverse religious cultures, and the freedom to practice beliefs has helped give rise to a highly unique religious pluralism and freedom. Michigan is the US state with the 10th largest population, Christianity being the majority religion and Protestantism as its largest branch. Despite Protestants having the majority still, Michigan has a good percentage of Catholics.

Since the 1990s, the religious share of Christians has decreased, while Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, and other religions have spread, mainly from immigration. The irreligious percentage is also on the rise and 24% of the state population doesn’t follow or affiliate with any religion.

also read about Race and Ethnicity in Michigan

Michigan Religion Percentage

Christianity is the main religion followed by 70% of the population. The largest Christian denomination in Michigan is Protestants (51%) followed by Roman Catholics (18%), Jehovah’s Witnesses (1%), Mormonism (<1%), Orthodoxy (<1%), and Other Christian (1%).

24% of the population don’t follow or adhere to any faith or religion and the rest 5% follow other non-Christian-based religions.

Other Religions include Hinduism (1%), Buddhism(1%), Jews (1%), Islam (1%), and other smaller faiths.

Christianity 70%
 – Protestantism – 51%
 – Roman Catholicism – 18%
 – Mormonism – <1%
 – Eastern Orthodoxy – <1%
 – Jehovah’s Witnesses – 1%
 – Other Christian – 1%
Other Religion5%
  Judaism 1%
  Islam 1%
  Buddhism 1%
  Hinduism 1%
  Other religion 1%
  No religion 24%
  Don’t know 1%

Source: Pew Research Center

read about Religion in the United States

Christianity in Michigan

Christianity with 70% followers is the largest religion in Michigan. All Protestant denominations accounted for 51% of the population, Catholics are 18% of the population, and is the largest individual denomination if Protestantism is divided into various denominations instead of being counted as a single category. 

Of the Protestants in the state, Evangelical Protestants compose 25% of the population, Mainline Protestants 18%, and Historically Black Protestants 8%.

Rest include Mormons,  Eastern Orthodoxy, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and other smaller denominations. Battle Creek, Michigan, is also the birthplace of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, which was founded on May 21, 1863.

Christianity AffiliationsPercentage
Protestantism 51%
– Evangelical Protestant– 25%
– Mainline Protestant– 18%
– Black church– 8%
Roman Catholicism 18%
Mormonism <1%
Eastern Orthodoxy <1%
Jehovah’s Witnesses 1%
Other Christians 1%

Protestantism in Michigan

Among Christians in Michigan, Protestantism is the largest group comprising about 51% of the state’s population. Protestantism in the United States has branched out into several branches, denominations, and various interdenominational and related movements. 

Protestants by tradition can be further classified into three main denominations. Evangelical is the largest and followed by 25% of the population, Next are Mainline Protestants (18%) and 8 % are Historically Black Protestants.

Protestants by Tradition

Protestants Affiliation% of  population
Evangelical Protestant25%
Mainline Protestant18%
Historically Black Protestants8%

Protestantism is also comprised of numerous denominational families (e.g., Baptist, Methodist, and Pentecostal) that fit into one or more of the traditions.  According to the 2020 survey by the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), the largest Protestant denomination is as follows

Religious BodiesTraditionFamilyAdherents
Non-denominational Christian ChurchesEvangelical Other Groups 508,904
Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod (LCMS)Evangelical Lutheran 172,123
United Methodist ChurchMainline Methodist 167,730
National Missionary Baptist Convention of AmericaBlack Baptist 132,118
Assemblies of God, General Council of theEvangelical Pentecostal 93,206
Evangelical Lutheran Church in AmericaMainline Lutheran 82,376
National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.Black Baptist 77,470
Christian Reformed Church in North AmericaEvangelical Presbyterian/Reformed 64,026
Reformed Church in AmericaMainline Presbyterian/Reformed 62,850
American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A.Mainline Baptist 51,027
Church of God in ChristBlack Pentecostal 49,529


read about  Protestants in the United States

Catholics in Michigan

The Catholic Church comprises 18% of the state’s population, making it the second-largest religious group after Protestantism. According to the 2020 survey by the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), the Roman Catholic Church has the highest number of followers with 1,492,732 adherents, making it the largest denomination in the state.

The Roman Catholic Church has six dioceses and one archdiocese in Michigan; Gaylord, Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo, Lansing, Marquette, Saginaw, and Detroit. The Roman Catholic Church was the only organized religion in Michigan until the 19th century, reflecting the territory’s French colonial roots.

Since the 1990s, the religious share of Christians has decreased, while Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Sikhism, and other religions have spread, mainly from immigration. Other Religions include Hinduism (1%), Buddhism (1%), Jews (1%), Islam (1%), and other smaller faiths.

Jews in Michigan

In 2010 the number of Jewish adherents in the state of Michigan was estimated at 44,382. The first Jewish synagogue in the state was Temple Beth El, founded by twelve German Jewish families in Detroit in 1850.

Hinduism in Michigan

Michigan has a Sizeable  Hindu population, most of them Indian Americans. According to the U.S. Census, there are more than 112,000 Indian Americans in Michigan, many of them Hindu. There are also Hindus in Michigan rooted in Bangladesh, Pakistan, and other countries. There are many Hindu Temples in Metro Detroit such as BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Detroit and BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Sterling Heights.

Islam in Michigan

Islam was introduced by immigrants from the Near East during the 20th century. Michigan is home to the largest mosque in North America, the Islamic Center of America in Dearborn. and as per 2010 estimates, the population of Muslims in  Michigan is 120,351. 

also read about Population in Michigan


Note: The US census does not contain questions about one’s religious affiliation. Our Article is based on surveys conducted by various institutions and agencies.

Religion in Michigan 2024 | Christianity in Michigan