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Colorado Population by Race and Ethnicity

Colorado, the 21st largest U.S. state by population has a racially and ethnically diverse population. As of 2020, White (Non-Hispanic)  are the largest group in Colorado followed by Hispanic or Latino Americans. 

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Ethnic and Racial Percentage

In 2020, the White alone (non-Hispanic) population was the largest racial or ethnic group in Colorado, comprising 65.13% of the total population. It was followed by the Hispanic or Latino population whose share was 21.88%.

Two or more race population was the third largest group at 4.52%. Black or African Americans are at 3.83% & Asians are at 3.38%

The ethnic composition of Colorado is as follows

Race and OriginActual PopulationPercentage 2020
White alone3,760,66365.13%
Hispanic or Latino1,263,39021.88%
Two or more races260,7984.52%
Black or African American alone221,3103.83%
Asian alone195,2203.38%
American Indians and Alaska Natives alone33,7680.58%
Some Other Race alone29,5600.51%
Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander 9,0050.16%

Source: US Census 2020

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*US Census recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races. It also classified respondents as "Hispanic or Latino" or "Not Hispanic or Latino", identifying Hispanic and Latino as an ethnicity (not a race), which comprises the largest minority group in the nation.

Ancestry in Colorado

As per Census Studies & estimate German, Irish, English, Italian & American have made the five largest ancestry groups in Colorado. 

The Largest Ancestry in Colorado is as follows

8French (except Basque)132,7532.3%
13Subsaharan African56,5911.0%
18French Canadian26,8830.5%
26West Indian10,3000.2%

Source: US Census 2020

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Europeans in Colorado

Non-Hispanic Whites account for nearly 65% of Colorado’s population. German, Irish, and English Americans have made up the three largest European ancestry groups in Colorado. As per the Census report, German Americans made up 16.7% of the population and numbered close to 1 million members. Irish Americans made up 10.3% of the population and number 0.6 million. 

English Americans made up 9.6% of the population and numbered 552,873 followed by Italian ancestry at 4.6% of the population and number 264,845.

Besides them, Europeans who make good numbers are Polish (2.4%), Scottish (2.3%), French (2.3%), Swedish (2.1%), Norwegian (2.1%), Dutch (1.4%) and Scotch-Irish (1.1%)

Hispanics and Latinos in Colorado

Hispanics and Latinos are the second-largest groups in Colorado after non-Hispanic European Americans. Around 22% of Colorado’s Population claims Hispanic or Latin American ethnicity. 

Colorado has the 5th-largest population of Mexican-Americans, behind California, Texas, Arizona, and Illinois. In percentages, Colorado has the 6th-highest percentage of Mexican-Americans, behind New Mexico, California, Texas, Arizona, and Nevada. 

Mexican-American is mostly settled in Metropolitan Denver, Colorado Springs, as well as the smaller cities of Greeley and Pueblo, and elsewhere. Southern, Southwestern, and Southeastern Colorado have a large number of Hispanos, the descendants of the early settlers of colonial Spanish origin.

African Americans in Colorado

As of 2020, those of African ancestry accounted for 4.5% of Colorado’s population. Colorado also has some large African-American communities located in Denver, in the neighborhoods of Montbello, Five Points, Whittier, and many other East Denver areas.

Asian Americans in Colorado

Asian Americans are a sizable minority group in Colorado. Americans of Asian descent formed 3.38% of the population. Its ethnic Asian population has grown rapidly since the late 1990s; the majority are Indians, Filipinos, Vietnamese, ethnic Chinese, Mongolian, Korean, and Japanese.

The highest population of Asian Americans can be found on the south and southeast side of Denver, as well as some on Denver’s southwest side.

Multi-Race in Colorado

Multiracial individuals are also a visible minority in Colorado. People identifying as multiracial form 4.52%  percent of the population, and number around 260,000 people. 

Race and Ethnicity in Colorado 2024 | Ancestry in Colorado