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Romania Population 2024

Romania is a country situated at the intersection of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It is the twelfth largest country and the ninth most populous country in Europe. According to Institutul Național de Statistică, As of 1st January 2021, The population of Romania is 19,186,000, a decrease of 142,600 persons compared to 1st January 2020 and the estimated population of Romania in 2024 is 19,051,562 (19 million)

Source: Institutul Național de Statistică, Romania

Romania Demography
Romania2024 Population
Total Population19,051,562 (19 million)
Europe Rank9th
Land Area 230,291 sq. km (89,302 sq. mi)
Area Rank12
Pop. Density321 people per sq. mi (124/sq. km)
Urban Population 55%
Fertility Rate1.62
Infant mortality rate5.8
Median Age 43.2 Years
Life Expectancy 76.50 years
Capital CityBucharest

Source: Institutul Național de Statistică, Romania

Religion in Romania

Christianity is the majority religion in Romania 94% of the population identifies themselves as Christians. Romania has the world’s third-largest Eastern Orthodox population and 81.0% of the population belongs to the Romanian Orthodox Church. Other denominations include Protestantism (6.2%), Roman Catholicism (4.3%), and Greek Catholicism (0.8%). 

 6.2% of the Population is classified as unaffiliated, which can mean agnostic, atheist, or “nothing in particular.” Other religion at 1.50%  includes Muslims (mostly of Turkish and Tatar ethnicity) and Jewish. Other religions are very small in numbers.

Religion in Romania 

Religion Percent %
Eastern  Orthodox 81%
Protestant 6.2%
Roman Catholics 4.3%
Greek Catholics 0.8%
Other  Religion1.5%
Not religious 0.2%
Unspecified 6%

Source: Census 2011

Romania Historical Population

Romania’s population is 6 million at the start of the 20th century & peaked in 1990. In 1990, Romania’s population was estimated to be 23.21 million inhabitants & declined steadily since then. 

Population decline can be attributed to high mortality, a low fertility rate after 1989, and tremendous emigration. Romania continues to be a country of emigration, the phenomenon of emigration being the second cause main cause of population decline in the country. 

Let’s have a look at the population of Romania from 1900 to 2020

Year Population Percentage
1900 6,050,000
1910 6,970,000 15.21%
1920 16,010,000 129.70%
1930 17,870,000 11.62%
1939 19,934,000 11.55%
1950 16,311,000 -18.17%
1960 18,403,414 12.83%
1970 20,252,541 10.05%
1980 22,201,387 9.62%
1990 23,206,720 4.53%
2000 22,435,205 -3.32%
2020 19,257,520 -14.16%

Top Cities in Romania by Population

16Târgu MureșMureș1,34,290
17Baia MareMaramureș1,23,738
20Satu MareSatu Mare1,02,441

Romanian Diaspora

People of Romanian ancestry form an important group in several countries in North and South America. As per the rough estimates, Romanian ancestry is estimated at 1.5 million in North America. It forms an important minority Group in the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Argentina.

read more about Romanian ancestry in America


Romania Population 2024 | Religion in Romania
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